Hard water is water that contains high levels of dissolved calcium and magnesium minerals. Calcium and magnesium are naturally occurring in the environment. As water progresses through the hydrological cycle, it picks up these minerals along the way. Ground water, such as well water has more hardness than surface (lake) water because it trickles down through limestone and sedimentary rock- allowing the calcium and magnesium to dissolve in the water.
How does hard water affect you?
1. Fixtures/Appliances: Hard water can cause white build up in your dishwasher, washing machine, fixtures in the bathroom and kitchen, around your shower head, shower tiles and bathtub. You’ll also notice your glasses have water spot on them even after you clean them. Hard water will also build up in some unseen places, such as your water pipes and hot water tank.
2. Skin and Hair: Bathing/showering in hard water can irritate certain skin conditions including eczema and psoriasis, causing painful inflammation- as the hard water traps the soap residue on your body and strips away the natural protective oils on the skin. Hard water also strips your hair of natural oils causing hair to become dry and fizzy.